On this day in 1945, a second atom bomb is dropped on Japan by the United States, at Nagasaki, resulting finally in Japan’s unconditional surrender.
The devastation wrought at Hiroshima was not sufficient to convince the Japanese War Council to accept the Potsdam Conference’s demand for unconditional surrender. The United States had already planned to drop their second atom bomb, nicknamed “Fat Man,” on August 11 in the event of such recalcitrance, but bad weather expected for that day pushed the date up to August 9th. So at 1:56 a.m., a specially adapted B-29 bomber, called “Bock’s Car,” after its usual commander, Frederick Bock, took off from Tinian Island under the command of Maj. Charles W. Sweeney. Nagasaki was a shipbuilding center, the very industry intended for destruction. The bomb was dropped at 11:02 a.m., 1,650 feet above the city. The explosion unleashed the equivalent force of 22,000 tons of TNT. The hills that surrounded the city did a better job of containing the destructive force, but the number killed is estimated at anywhere between 60,000 and 80,000 (exact figures are impossible, the blast having obliterated bodies and disintegrated records)
For years, ground, air and living organisms in this area still carry that radionuclide, which negatively influence the environment. Furthermore, such attack seriously damaged the overall world’s environment, and many researches note Hiroshima and Nagasaki blasts as reasons of global warming and ozone hole formation. Nevertheless, both cities were rebuilt, and today there live and work numerous people. Furthermore, Hiroshima and Nagasaki now attract thousands of foreign tourists every year. People travel here and are willing to learn the Hiroshima history of this area and see, what is the life after the collapse is like. But here you will not see miles of dead burnt soil and destroyed buildings. Instead, modern Hiroshima today is a normal busy Japanese city. So let us see, how the Japanese managed to handle reconstruction of Hiroshima, and what is Hiroshima now like.
Established on the delta of the river close to the coastline, Hiroshima became another town, which was built by the Japanese warlord Mori Terumoto. He left the Aki Province and was seeking for a place for the new residence. During the imperial period, which took place between 1971 and 1939, Hiroshima was an important urban center and the most meaningful city on Honsu Island. In the early 1880s, here was established a harbor, which made the city an important and powerful trading and shipping place.
By 1894, the Japanese railway was prolonged to reach this city, and this change very positively influenced economical life of the city. During the Sino-Japanese war, the government was headquartered in Hiroshima, and the harbor and railway were used for military purposes. Another important fact about the city is multilinguism of its citizens, as here were many schools. So no wonder, that the rounds of talks took place in this city.
However by 1949, the city was rebuilt with the help of the country’s government, which provided the necessary financial support and even donated the lands, which before belonged to the government and were used specifically for the military purposes. For this purpose, Japanese government even initiated a law regarding Hiroshima Peace Memorial. The same year, there was approved the design of the Memorial Park in the city. In the park there is also a Peace Pagoda, made of steel. In 1949, the Hiroshima mayor officially proclaimed the city as the City of Peace, so as of that time it became a real attraction for international conferences holding. Here were many conferences on social aspect and peace, and in 1992 there was established associations of guides and interpreters, who helped to facilitate the conferences. It is curious, that the Mayor of Hiroshima is the official president of the association of Mayors for Peace.
Read more at: https://chernobylguide.com/hiroshima_today/The present-day Hiroshima is a developed Japanese city, which has got numerous skyscrapers, colleges, universities, parks and highways, and over a million of people successfully live here. Furthermore, many people get employed by the Japanese companies from overseas and come here to work. The city is a real Japanese sight, which attracts thousands of tourists every year, and is an important trading center, since it is located at the seashore and has got a river.
From the architectural point of view, it is fair to say, that the Japanese were precise enough to rebuild certain meaningful buildings, which were almost completely destroyed by the bomb blast. For instance, they managed to restore the Urakami Cathedral, since after the explosion only its south face was left standing.
The Perfectural Industrial Promotion Hall was also restored, and today there is a museum, called the A-Bomb Dome. It is one of the most recognizable Hiroshima sights today. Hiroshima today also has got many parks and resorts, where people may enjoy the beauty of nature. Importance of nature in the lives of Hiroshima citizens is seen in many details.
For instance, the trees, which got a dose of radiation but managed to survive, are considered natural monuments and even have got special plates on them. Besides, in Hiroshima there is held an annual flower fest. In the art museums there are many works of art, which depict beauty of the local nature.
The tree of Gingko Biloba, which grows in this area, may get the age of up to several centuries. This tree very rarely gets sick and may withstand different influences. So, even after the nuclear boomb blast, the trees completely lost their leaves, but then became alive again. Moreover, this is the only kind of trees, which successfully withstood the nuclear bombing. These threes may be still seen in this Japanese city. The official flower of the city of Hiroshima is oleander. It gained this title after the bomb blast in 1945, as this is the first flower, which blossomed after the nuclear attack. So, regardless of its nuclear past, the name of Hiroshima present still is associated with peace, beauty and art.
The short answer for the question is – yes. The city, as well as soil, water and living organisms in this area are free of radiation. The bomb, which was dropped by the U.S. plane in 1945 at Hiroshima blasted above the ground zero in the air, and was not thrown as it is to the ground to explode. This made the radioactive particles release in the air, without digging deeply into the ground. Furthermore, the explosion of the bomb happened due to splitting of the atoms, hence the destructive power of the bomb.
The harmful radioactive particles were received by the people right at the moment of bomb explosion, and the majority of victims died immediately or within a couple of hours. Some people got a huge dose of harmful products, which remained in their bodies and caused serious diseases, such as cancer, leukemia and certain chromosome changes. This all happened due to so-called prompt radiation, and, in specifics, due to the gamma rays, produced during the blast. Luckily, this kind of radiation does not live long. The second sort of radiation, which is produced with such sort of blast, is residual, or long-term radiation. Its level gets extremely high, when the bomb collapses around the ground zero. In this case, ground and water get strongly poisoned with the radionuclide. But in the cases with Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the bomb exploded way above the ground. And in such cases, all the poison quickly gets directed into the stratosphere as a cloud, and travels by means of air.
To conclude, both Hiroshima and Nagasaki are safe to visit and live in, and the radiation level here is no different from the level in the other cities in the world. So you may safely stay here, eat local food and watch places of interest with no risk to your own health.